The word automobile is of latin origin and means “a car that moves on its own” or equivalently “self-moving.” it can be traced back to the words autophoreos meaning “self-bearer” and autopoda meaning “walker.” the word was coined by combining auto (privative) with phor, or pher (carry).
the first recorded use of the word was in 1889. at one point it used to refer to a person driving a vehicle, but as technology developed these two were differentiated and today an individual who drives is called a driver. anyone who operates a self-propelled wheeled vehicle is known as an automotive engineer or gearbox tsar. today we can refer
when we use the word automobile to refer to a category of transport vehicles we are using *?
usually refer to motorized land vehicles.
this would be inferred from the use of the words “motorized” and “land.” additionally, there are interesting differences between automobiles and trains/planes/boats which might be worth mentioning in addition to the definition. here are some questions that readers might want answered about automobiles: who invented them? when were they first built commercially? what is their purpose (they're not allowing people to walk faster)? how many miles can one go before refueling? do emissions standards exist for keeping air quality high without harming both people's health and putting an undue economic burden on producers for making cleaner cars with less systems per car than combustion engine cars)? who pays for road construction–can you find
when we use the term hispanic to refer to a category of people we are using this word as an quizlet?
you are using this term because it's an easy way to talk about many different kinds of people in one category. for example, if “hispanic” is the category, then it may be easier to talk about cuban americans, mexican americans, dominican americans and so on.
this isn't only true for hispanic people – you can use “african-americans” or “asian-americans.” the important thing is that when you refer to them by name (viz. spanish speakers), you need specific information about their background in order for your message to make sense. but sometimes these things aren't so relevant for communication purposes and public discourse; in these cases it's best just to fall back on the broad categories like hispanic or african-
what is it called when we look for information that is consistent with our preconceptions?
confirmation bias is the tendency of people to search for, interpret, focus on and remember information in a way that confirms their beliefs. people display this bias when they come across evidence that seems to support it while ignoring evidence that goes against it.
it's incredibly common because most people don't like uncertainty or ambiguity (not knowing), which creates anxiety and causes humans to feel unsettled. one proven strategy for overcoming confirmation bias is learning how to be comfortable with uncertainty by using an “fba” – formalized best answer methodology – which forces you to look at not just all possibilities but also what might be your most likely answer based on available data (associated with minimum pooling). this strategy gradually trains
what is a mental set most likely to inhibit?
the mental set that inhibits someone is the emotional state they are in.
the most likely thing to inhibit a person's actions is their emotional state. for example, studies have proven overwhelmingly so that people who feel productive and accomplished do better at these tasks, both in work and outside of work, than those who are feeling depressed or frustrated with life so far. in other words, emotions dominate the way we think and behave in ways that could be positive or negative. think about parenting carefully – if a child is not praised for doing well he'll probably never try again! it's important to be nice to others for this reason as well. we can't expect people to cooperate or stay motivated if they aren't feeling good themselves – but